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HIGH-FREQUENCY CALLUS INDUCTION AND PLANT REGENERATION IN TRIPSACUM DACTYLOIDES (L.)

R. V. SAIRAM, C. WILBER, J. FRANKLIN, B. SMITH, J. BAZIL, R. HASSEL, D. WHALING, K. FRUTIGER, C. A. BLAKEY, R. VIERLING and S. L. GOLDMAN
In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Plant
Vol. 38, No. 5 (September, 2002), pp. 435-440
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23321154
Page Count: 6
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
HIGH-FREQUENCY CALLUS INDUCTION AND PLANT REGENERATION IN TRIPSACUM DACTYLOIDES (L.)
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Abstract

A protocol for high-frequency callus, somatic embryogenesis, and plant regeneration for Tripsacum is described. Plants were regenerated from complete shoot meristems (3—4 mm) via organogenesis and embryogenesis. In organogenesis, the shoot meristems were cultured directly on a high cytokinin medium comprising 5—10 mg l-1 (22.2—44.4 μM) 6-benzyladenine (BA). The number of multiple shoots varied from six to eight from each meristem. The time required for production of plants from organogenesis was rapid (4—6 wk). In contrast, callus was induced on an auxin medium and continuously cultured on an auxin medium for production of somatic embryos. Prolific callus with numerous somatic embryos developed within 3—4 wk when cultured on an auxin medium containing 5 mg l-1 (22.6 μM) 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D). The number of shoots induced varied from two to five per callus. Regardless of the cultivars used, the frequency of callus induction and plant regeneration was between 48% and 94%. The seed germination procedures also were modified and resulted in a maximum of 60—80% seed germination. Finally, the rate of T-DNA transfer to complete shoot meristems of Tripsacum was high on the auxin medium and was independent of whether super-virulent strains of Agrobacterium were used or not.

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