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Hebrew Proper Names in Judeo-Spanish / השמות הפרטיים העבריים בספרדית-היהודית

אורה רודריג-שורצולד and Ora Rodrigue-Schwarzwald
Jerusalem Studies in Jewish Folklore / מחקרי ירושלים בפולקלור יהודי
כרך י‎ (תשמ"ח), pp. 94-109
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23356326
Page Count: 16
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Hebrew Proper Names in Judeo-Spanish / השמות הפרטיים העבריים בספרדית-היהודית
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Abstract

The linguistic study of the Hebrew proper names used by the Judeo-Spanish speaking communities reveals three basic phenomena: a. Although potentially any Hebrew name might have been chosen by the Sephardic Jews for their children, the actual choice was a sociolinguistic event. Names of positive heroes from Biblical or post-Biblical origin were chosen, while those who were negatively described in the classical sources, or acquired negative legendary connotations, were rejected. Common Hebrew names signifying positive values — such as success, luck, long life, blessings — soon became Judeo-Spanish proper names, too. The number of names for males is larger than the number for females. b. Hebrew proper names underwent the same phonetic and morphological changes as did other Hebrew words in Judeo-Spanish. c. Hebrew proper names were used extensively in Judeo-Spanish idioms and proverbs. Many of these idioms and proverbs can be traced back to classical Jewish legends; others are pure inventions of the Sephardic Jews and demonstrate the vitality of the Hebrew proper names in Judeo-Spanish.

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