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Isolation and Metabolism of Vigna unguiculata Root Nodule Protoplasts

K.C. Wooi and W.J. Broughton
Planta
Vol. 145, No. 5 (1979), pp. 487-495
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23373988
Page Count: 9
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Isolation and Metabolism of Vigna unguiculata Root Nodule Protoplasts
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Abstract

Axenic cultures of bacteroid-containing protoplasts were isolated from root nodules of Vigna unguiculata L. Walp. Dimensions of the protoplasts were 35 to 135 μm long × 35 to 95 μm wide. Yields were about 30 to 50 mg dry weight per gram fresh weight of nodules. About 5 × 108 protoplasts packed into 1 ml of basal medium under the influence of gravity. When incubated in hypertonic, nitrogen-free media, freshly isolated protoplasts began to reduce acetylene to ethylene after a lag period of 24 to 48 h. Various additions to the basal medium showed that the system possessed functional glycolytic and tricarboxylic acid pathways. Endogenous application of various intermediary metabolites stimulated both acetylene reduction and respiration, though not often equally. As acetylene reduction, but not respiration, was inhibitable by both asparagine and glutamine, the system appears suitable for the study of mechanisms controlling symbiotic nitrogen fixation.

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