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Lipid synthesis in the laticifers of Euphorbia lathyris L. seedlings

Henri W. Groeneveld and Peter W. Roelvink
Planta
Vol. 154, No. 4 (1982), pp. 347-351
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23375678
Page Count: 5
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Lipid synthesis in the laticifers of Euphorbia lathyris L. seedlings
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Abstract

Various solutions of labeled precursors were absorbed by the cotyledons of etiolated Euphorbia lathyris L. seedlings. Incorporation of 14C into triterpenes from [2-14C]mevalonic acid, [1-14C]acetate, [3-14C]pyruvate, [U-14C]glyoxylate, [U-14C]glycerol, [U-14C]serine, [U-14C]xylose, [U-14C]glucose, and [U-14C]sucrose was obtained. The [14] triterpenes synthesized from [14C] sugars were mainly of latex origin. [14C]mevalonic acid was only involved in terpenoid synthesis outside the laticifers. Exogenously supplied glyoxylate, serine, and glycerol were hardly involved in lipid synthesis at all. The 14C-distribution over the various triterpenols was consistent with the mass distribution of these constituents in gas liquid chromatography when [14C]sugars, [14C]acetate, and [14C]pyruvate were used. These precursors were supplied to the seedlings in the presence of increasing amounts of unlabeled substrates. The amount of substrate directly involved in lipid synthesis as well as the absolute triterpenol yield was calculated from the obtained [14C]triterpenols. The highest yield was obtained in the sucrose incorporated seedlings, being 25% of the daily increase of latex triterpenes in growing seedlings.

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