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Synthesis of wax esters by a cell-free system from barley (Hordeum vulgare L.)

Pinarosa Avato
Planta
Vol. 162, No. 2 (1984), pp. 487-494
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23377510
Page Count: 8
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Synthesis of wax esters by a cell-free system from barley (Hordeum vulgare L.)
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Abstract

Experimental evidence for a membrane-bound microsomal ester synthetase from Bonus barley primary leaves is reported. The results are consistent with at least two mechanisms for the synthesis of barley wax esters: an acyl-CoA-fattyalcohol-transacylase-type reaction and an apparent direct esterification of alcohols with fatty acids. Biosynthesis of wax esters was not specific with regard to the chain length of the tested alcohols. The microsomal preparation readily catalyzed the esterification of C16-, C18-, C22- or C24-labelled alcohols with fatty acids of endogenous origin. Exogenous long-chain alcohols were exclusively incorporated into the alkyl moieties of the esters. Addition of ATP, CoA and-or free fatty acids was not effective in stimulating or depressing the esterifying activity of the microsomal fraction. Partial solubilization of the ester synthetase was obtained using phosphate-buffered saline.

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