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Phytochrome-mediated polarotropism of Adiantum capillus-veneris L. protonemata as analyzed by microbeam irradiation with polarized light
A. Kadota, M. Wada and M. Furuya
Vol. 165, No. 1 (1985), pp. 30-36
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23377676
Page Count: 7
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Perception of polarized light inducing phytochrome-mediated polarotropism in protonemata of the fern Adiantum capillus-veneris L. was analyzed using brief microbeam irradiation with polarized red (R) or far-red light (FR). The polarotropic response inducible by irradiation of the subapical 10—30-μm part with polarized R vibrating parallel to the cell axis was nullified by subsequently giving R at the apical 0—2.5-μm region. This inhibitory effect of R showed an action dichroism, that is, polarized R vibrating normal to the cell axis was effective but the parallel-vibrating R was not. On the other hand, FR irradiation of the extreme tip after irradiation of the whole cell with depolarized R effectively induced a tropic response. This FR effect also showed action dichroism, with parallel-vibrating polarized FR being more effective than FR vibrating normal to the cell axis. When the apical-dome region and the adjacent subapical 10—20-μm region were sequentially irradiated with polarized R vibrating obliquely in different directions, polarotropism took place depending on the vibrating direction of the light given to the apical-dome region. Obliquely vibrating polarized FR given to the apical dome after irradiation of the whole cell with depolarized R also induced polarotropism. Thus, the difference in amount (or percent) of the far-red-absorbing form of phytochrome (Pfr) between the extreme tip and the subapical region appears to be crucial in regulating the direction of apical growth; the difference in Pfr level between the two sides of the protonemal apex may occur mainly at the apical dome. Furthermore, the transition moments of the red-absorbing form of phytochrome (Pr) and Pfr seem to be aligned parallel and normal, respectively, to the cell surface at the periphery of the apical hemisphere.
Planta © 1985 Springer