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Copy numbers of chloroplast and nuclear genomes are proportional in mature mesophyll cells of Triticum and Aegilops species

C.M. Bowman
Planta
Vol. 167, No. 2 (1986), pp. 264-274
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23378054
Page Count: 11
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Copy numbers of chloroplast and nuclear genomes are proportional in mature mesophyll cells of Triticum and Aegilops species
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Abstract

The possibility of estimating the proportion of chloroplast. DNA (ctDNA) and nuclear DNA (nDNA) in nucleic-acid extracts by selective digestion with the methylation-sensitive restriction enzyme PstI, was tested using leaf extracts from Spinacia oleracea and Triticum aestivum. Values of ctDNA as percentage nDNA were estimated to be 14.58% ± 14.58%±0.56 (SE) in S. oleracea leaves and 4.97%±0.36 (SE) in T. aestivum leaves. These estimates agree well with those already reported for the same type of leaf material. Selective digestion and quantitative dot-blot hybridisation were used to determine ctDNA as percentage nDNA in expanded leaf tissue from species of Triticum and Aegilops representing three levels of nuclear ploidy and six types of cytoplasm. No significant differences in leaf ctDNA content were detected: in the diploids the leaf ctDNA percentage ranged between 3.8% and 5.1%, and in the polyploids between 3.5% and 4.9%. Consequently, nuclear ploidy and nDNA amount were proportional to ctDNA amount (r(19) = 0.935, P>0.01) and hence to ctDNA copy number in the mature mesophyll cells of these species. There was a slight increase in ctDNA copy numbers per chloroplast at higher ploidy levels. The balance between numbers of nuclear and chloroplast genomes is discussed in relation to polyploidisation and to the nuclear control of ctDNA replication.

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