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Calcium and phytochrome control of leaf unrolling in dark-grown barley seedlings

Neil Viner, Garry Whitelam and Harry Smith
Planta
Vol. 175, No. 2 (1988), pp. 209-213
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23379330
Page Count: 5
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Calcium and phytochrome control of leaf unrolling in dark-grown barley seedlings
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Abstract

The red light-stimulated component of unrolling in sections from 7-d-old dark-grown barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) leaves is inhibited by ethyleneglycol-bis-(β-aminoethyl ether)-N,N,N′,N′-tetracetic acid (EGTA). A free-Ca2+ activity of less than 40 μM restores the ability to respond to red light, but only if supplied within 1 h of red light. Magnesium ions are an ineffective substitute. At least two processes in unrolling appear to be Ca2+-sensitive. Fluence-response measurements indicate that the levels of the far-red-absorbing form of phytochrome (Pfr) still present 4 h after red-light treatment should be above saturation for the unrolling response; consequently, loss of Pfr does not explain the loss in effectiveness of Ca2+ during prolonged EGTA treatment. However, if a further red-light treatment is given simultaneously with Ca2+ addition 4 h after the initial light stimulus, then full unrolling occurs in EGTA-treated sections. These data indicate that, under normal circumstances, a functional change in the properties of Pfr must occur, uncoupling it from the transduction chain.

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