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Acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase in species of Triticum of different ploidy

J.C. Hawke and R.M. Leech
Planta
Vol. 181, No. 4 (1990), pp. 543-546
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23380493
Page Count: 4
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Acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase in species of Triticum of different ploidy
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Abstract

The cellular amounts and cellular activities of acetyl CoA carboxylase (ACC; EC 6.4.1.2.) were determined in the first leaves of diploid, tetraploid and hexaploid species of Triticum (wheat). Per leaf the ACC activities were very similar in T. monococcum (2 χ), T. dicoccum (4 χ) and T. aestivum (6 χ). The ACC activity per chloroplast also showed little variation between species of different ploidy but since chloroplast number increases with ploidy, the ACC activities and ACC amounts per cell also increased with ploidy. These cellular increases in ACC amounts associated with increases in gene dosage were highly co-ordinated in the diploids T. monococcum and T. tauschii and their respective autotetraploids so the specific activity of ACC was highly conserved in these plants. The relevance of these findings to attempts to genetically manipulate lipid biosynthesis in chloroplasts is discussed.

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