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Ethylene-induced chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase accumulate specifically in the lower epidermis and along vascular strands of bean leaves

Felix Mauch, Janet B. Meehl and L. Andrew Staehelin
Planta
Vol. 186, No. 3 (1992), pp. 367-375
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23381463
Page Count: 9
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Ethylene-induced chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase accumulate specifically in the lower epidermis and along vascular strands of bean leaves
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Abstract

We have studied the spatial pattern of accumulation of chitinase (EC 3.2.1.14) and β-1,3-glucanase (EC 3.2.1.39) in ethylene-treated leaves of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Electron-microscopical examination of chemically fixed tissue demonstrated the presence of large electron-dense aggregates in the vacuoles of ethylene-treated leaf cells. No such vacuolar structures were observed in untreated control cells. Immunogold labelling with antisera directed against the basic forms of chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase indicated that the vacuolar aggregates were the major site of accumulation of chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase. The chitinase- and β-1,3-glucanase-containing vacuolar aggregates were not randomly distributed within the leaf tissue but were restricted to the lower epidermal cells and to parenchyma cells adjacent to vascular strands. In addition, heavy β-1,3-glucanase labelling was observed over spongy plugs of expanded middle-lamella material that appear to occlude the transition regions between the airspaces underlying the stomata and those throughout the rest of the leaf. Some labelling was also seen to extend along the surface layer of the cell walls lining all of the airspaces. Protein analysis by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and immunoblotting as well as enzyme-activity measurements showed that the peeled lower epidermis of the ethylene-treated leaves contained on a protein and on a per-weight basis several times more chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase than the remainder of the leaf.

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