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Identification of multiple isoforms of soluble and granule-bound starch synthase in developing wheat endosperm

K. Denyer, C.M. Hylton, C.F. Jenner and A.M. Smith
Planta
Vol. 196, No. 2 (1995), pp. 256-265
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23383396
Page Count: 10
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Identification of multiple isoforms of soluble and granule-bound starch synthase in developing wheat endosperm
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Abstract

We have investigated the nature and locations of isoforms of starch synthase in the developing endosperm of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). There are three distinct granule-bound isoforms of 60 kDa (the Waxy gene product), 77 kDa and 100—105 kDa. One of these isoforms, the 77-kDa protein, is also present in the soluble fraction of the endosperm but it contributes only a small proportion of the total soluble activity. Most of the soluble activity is contributed by isoforms which are apparently not also granule-bound. The 60-kDa and 77-kDa isoforms of wheat are antigenically related to isoforms of very similar size in the developing pea embryo, but the other isoforms in the endosperm appear to have no counterparts in the pea embryo. The significance of these results in terms of the diversity of isoforms of starch synthase and their locations is discussed.

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