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Fagopyritol B1, O-α-D-galactopyranosyl-(1→2)-D-chiro-inositol, a galactosyl cyclitol in maturing buckwheat seeds associated with desiccation tolerance

Marcin Horbowicz, Patrick Brenac and Ralph L. Obendorf
Planta
Vol. 205, No. 1 (May 1998), pp. 1-11
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23385241
Page Count: 11
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Fagopyritol B1, O-α-D-galactopyranosyl-(1→2)-D-chiro-inositol, a galactosyl cyclitol in maturing buckwheat seeds associated with desiccation tolerance
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Abstract

O-α-D-Galactopyranosyl-(1→2)-D-chiro-inositol, herein named fagopyritol B1, was identified as a major soluble carbohydrate (40% of total) in buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench, Polygonaceae) embryos. Analysis of hydrolysis products of purified compounds and of the crude extract led to the conclusion that buckwheat embryos have five α-galactosyl D-chiro-inositols: fagopyritol A1 and fagopyritol B1 (monogalactosyl D-chiro-inositol isomers), fagopyritol A2 and fagopyritol B2 (di-galactosyl D-chiro-inositol isomers), and fagopyritol B3 (tri-galactosyl D-chiro-inositol). Other soluble carbohydrates analyzed by high-resolution gas chromatography included sucrose (42% of total), D-chiro-inositol, myo-inositol, galactinol, raffinose and stachyose (1% of total), but no reducing sugars. All fagopyritols were readily hydrolyzed by α-galactosidase (EC 3.2.1.22) from green coffee bean, demonstrating α-galactosyl linkage. Retention time of fagopyritol B1 was identical to the retention time of O-α-D-galactopyranosyl-(1→2)-D-chiro-inositol from soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill, Leguminosae), suggesting that the α-galactosyl linkage is to the 2-position of D-chiro-inositol. Accumulation of fagopyritol B1 was associated with acquisition of desiccation tolerance during seed development and maturation in planta, and loss of fagopyritol B1 correlated with loss of desiccation tolerance during germination. Embryos of seeds grown at 18 °C, a condition that favors enhanced seed vigor and storability, had a sucrose-to-fagopyritol B1 ratio of 0.8 compared to a ratio of 2.46 for seeds grown at 25 °C. We propose that fagopyritol B1 facilitates desiccation tolerance and storability of buckwheat seeds.

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