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An Acheulian Industry at Tirat-Carmel / תעשיה אשלית עליונה בטירת-חכרמל

מינה ויינשטיין, מרדכי למדן, יצחק גרן-חיטין, Mina Weinstein, M. Lamdan and I. Goren-Hitin
Mitekufat Haeven: Journal of the Israel Prehistoric Society / מתקופת האבן
כרך י"ג‎ (תשל"ו - 1975), pp. 36-49
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23385572
Page Count: 14
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An Acheulian Industry at Tirat-Carmel / תעשיה אשלית עליונה בטירת-חכרמל
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Abstract

During the archaeological survey of the Carmel (Olami 1959) and the Tirat-Carmel excavations (Ronen 1970, 1974), several handaxes were discovered. In order to try to find where these handaxes came from and how they relate to the Mousterian sites, it was decided to carry out an excavation in a section which was created during construction of a hospital. The excavation, located at Israel Grid 1980/2397, at an elevation of 67m. a. s. l. was done during the first week of October 1973 (Fig. 1). The excavation was carried in the colluvial-alluvial talus of the western slope of Mt. Carmel (Fig. 2). The upper beds of this section contained Mousterian implements which indicate a possible connection to the nearby Mousterian workshop (Ronen 1974). In the underlying bed, some handaxes and other flint implements, probably dating from the end of the Upper Acheulian, were found (Figs. 6, 7). This bed partly fills an erosive channel which may be the result of the regression of sea level at the very beginning of the Wurm glacial. The items may of course antedate the channel in which they were found. It seems that the implements were derived from a point very close to the find spot, since they are only slightly battered and not rolled nor abraded. Also, topographical features do not indicate that implements could have been carried any great distance. A few more handaxes were found on the surface of the building debris of the hospital.

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