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THE SHIFT TO THE METRIC SYSTEM OF WEIGHTS IN ERETZ ISRAEL / המעבר לשיטת השקילה המטרית בארץ-ישראל

יגר נבו and YIGAR NEVO
Cathedra: For the History of Eretz Israel and Its Yishuv / קתדרה: לתולדות ארץ ישראל ויישובה
חוברת‎ 77 (תשרי תשנ"ו / אוקטובר 1995), pp. 100-108
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23403536
Page Count: 9
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THE SHIFT TO THE METRIC SYSTEM OF WEIGHTS IN ERETZ ISRAEL / המעבר לשיטת השקילה המטרית בארץ-ישראל
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Abstract

At the beginning of the twentieth century, the Ottoman system of weights, based on the dirham, was in use in Eretz Israel. The shift to the metric system was accompanied by difficulties, and the process that began with the 'Proposal for the Ordinance of Weights and Measures, 1926' terminated only with the establishment of the State of Israel. The 1926 recommendation was made by the Mandatory authorities as the first step in the complete shift to the metric system. The intention was to do away with the different systems of weights that varied from area to area, institute a single metric system of weights and measures, and establish supervisory bodies to enforce the reform. Though the Jewish institutions welcomed the proposal, it was not implemented because the Arab population, comprised mainly of scattered farmers who were accustomed for many generations to the local systems of weights, was difficult to supervise. It was only with the creation of a Ministry of Commerce and Industry in Israel that the ordinance was enforced throughout the country.

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