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Archaeobotanical investigations in Liguria: preliminary data on the early Iron Age at Monte Trabocchetto (Pietra Ligure, Italy)

Daniele Arobba, Rosanna Caramiello and Angiolo Del Lucchese
Vegetation History and Archaeobotany
Vol. 12, No. 4 (December, 2003), pp. 253-262
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23417999
Page Count: 10
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Abstract

The archaeological site we studied is part of an early Iron Age hill fort (8th/7th cent. B.C.), located 800 m from the coast on the top of a hill named MonteTrabocchetto. This paper concerns an excavation, called "saggio O", which disclosed a very varied stratigraphy characterised by highly anthropogenic layers and by a pit, presumably used as a silo for food storage, which was very rich in charred seeds and fruits. The study of the pit content showed the dominance of Hordeum vulgare, while Triticum dicoccon, T. monococcum, T. aestivum/durum, Panicum miliaceum and Setaria italica were less strongly represented. Some edible Leguminosae were also found (Lens culinaris, Vicia faba var. minor and V. ervilia). In the frequented areas around the pit, herbaceous weeds and fruit tree macro-remains were present (Prunus cf. spinosa, Corylus avellana, Quercus sp. and Vitis vinifera ssp. sylvestris). The identification of a large number of botanical taxa has provided important information on food of plant origin and agricultural practices during the early Iron Age on the Ligurian coast, the protohistoric archaeobotanical aspects of which are largely unknown.

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