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Plant remains, storage and crop processing inside the Iron Age fort of Els Vilars d'Arbeca (Catalonia, Spain)

Natàlia Alonso, Emili Junyent, Angel Lafuente and Joan B. López
Vegetation History and Archaeobotany
Vol. 17, Supplement: Proceedings of the 14th Symposium of the International Work Group for Palaeoethnobotany, Kraków 2007 (December, 2008), pp. S149-S158
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23419778
Page Count: 10
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Abstract

Hordeum vulgare and Triticum aestivum/durum are the most important crops found from the early Iberian period in the fort of Els Vilars d'Arbeca. The unusual nature of this settlement with its spectacular defensive system brings us to consider various questions such as knowing at which stage of their processing the cereal crops arrived there, or which areas of the restricted interior space of the fort could have been used for crop processing activities and storage. The analyses of the samples collected at the site shows that the crops would have been carried indoors for storage after processing. Once inside, the crops would have been stored as bulk semi-clean grain in an as yet unknown building used as a granary. The post-storage cleaning operations would have happened daily, in a domestic context involving small amounts and in different rooms spread all over the enclosure. Nevertheless, some zones of the settlement show a higher density of crop items, which could maybe indicate sporadic communal post-storage crop processing there.

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