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Nursing in the Services of the Aged / הטיפול הסיעודי בשירותי הקשישים

מרים הירשפלד, פטרישיה ארצ'בולד, M. Hirschfeld and P.G. Archbold
Gerontology / גרונטולוגיה
No. 14 (חורף, 1979/80), pp. 34-38
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23478967
Page Count: 5
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Nursing in the Services of the Aged / הטיפול הסיעודי בשירותי הקשישים
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Abstract

This paper discusses gerontological nursing intervention on three levels: 1) the individual and his/her family, 2) the institution and community, and 3) the society. The authors consider nursing's main service to the aged to be the provision of assistance and strategies for living with chronic disease which so often accompanies aging. Nursing has an array of therapeutic tools which can be conceived of as paralleling the chemical, surgical and radiological interventions of medicine. These tools include: touch, use of dependence versus independence, degrees of sensory stimulation, degrees and kinds of energy expenditure, degrees and cumulation of stress, hope and meaning in life; and the use of the knowledge and skills to provide an old person and those others significant to him/her the means for them to optimize their physical, social and psychological resources in the face of declining health. Needed nursing interventions are organized according to the seven key problems of daily living with chronic disease, as described in Strauss' medical-sociological framework. The ethical principles of Respect for Person and Distributive Justice are considered an important measure against which to judge the adequacy and quality of services.

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