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The Term ʾetmaha in Genesis Rabba

RONALD N. BROWN
Hebrew Union College Annual
Vol. 56 (1985), pp. 167-174
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23507652
Page Count: 8
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
The Term ʾetmaha in Genesis Rabba
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Abstract

The author questions the respective assertions by Philipp Bloch and Wilhelm Bacher that the appearance of the word ʾetmaha in the first fifteen chapters of Genesis Rabba either reflects a different genre of literature or suggests that the redactor initially introduced ʾetmaha into the text, but subsequently discontinued doing so. This study of ʾetmaha in Genesis Rabba includes the printed edition, Mss. London 27169, Vatican 30, Vatican 60, Oxford 147, Paris 149, Stuttgart 32, and the Geniza fragments. According to the pagination of the Theodor-Albeck edition of Genesis Rabba, ʾetmaha occurs most frequently between pages 1—230, 361—400, and 1041—1170. Characteristic of Genesis Rabba is its duplication of midrashim. However, in most of these duplicated passages in which ʾetmaha appears in one of the midrashim, it is missing in the parallel text. Furthermore, the appearance or absence of ʾetmaha in these passages corresponds to the clustering noted above. Since the only significant difference is the absence or appearance of the term ʾetmaha it seems that, with regard to these parallel passages Genesis Rabba has incorporated two distinct traditions.

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