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An analysis of the grammar and style of Yannai's vocabulary. / הבחינה הדקדוקית והסגנונית באוצר המלים של יניי

ראובן מירקין and R. Mirkin
Proceedings of the World Congress of Jewish Studies / דברי הקונגרס העולמי למדעי היהדות
Vol. ד‎, VOLUME II / כרך ב‎ (תשכ"ה / 1965), pp. 437-442
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23528190
Page Count: 6
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An analysis of the grammar and style of Yannai's vocabulary. / הבחינה הדקדוקית והסגנונית באוצר המלים של יניי
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Abstract

Work on the vocabulary of the Piyyuṭim of Yannai is reaching completion: a complete concordance (ca. 55,000 words) and an analysis of the vocabulary from the lexicographic, grammatical and stylistic points of view, similar to the work done on Megillat Aẖima'aẕ. (The Book of Aẖima'aẕ — text, concordance and lexical analysis—The Academy of the Hebrew Language and the Bialik Institute: The Historical Dictionary of the Hebrew Language, Jerusalem, 1965, XI + 273 pp.). In the course of the work we have singled out linguistic phenomena of particular interest as regards both the spelling and the vocalization of words in the manuscripts and their form, syntax and the way they are used. These peculiarities are each marked by a special sign (according to a system worked out in advance); this makes it possible to collect by way of mechanical classification all words having one or another of the peculiarities mentioned. The choice of what is peculiar or deviates from the norm depends, of course, on the discretion of the researcher. However, there is no need to be apprehensive about this, as it is always possible to refer back to the complete card-index of the original, which is organized according to lexicographical and grammatical principles, and where each individual word is formed. Examples are quoted in the paper to show the benefit which the linguist may draw from the fact that these peculiarities are marked. The listing of peculiarities is not intended to replace systematic research into the language, grammar and style of the poet, but may serve as a basis for such a research. The mechanical processing of the vocabulary of a certain work or author results in a great abundance of statistical data which are of great interest to the linguist. Examples of numerical comparisons regarding several Midrash and Piyyuṭ sources, prepared in the Historical Dictionary and processed by machines, are quoted in the paper. The statistical processing of a great number of sources of different kinds might provide the linguist with the key to understanding the particular style of an author, of a literary genre or of a period in the history of the language.

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