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Characterization of c-Ki-ras and N-ras Oncogenes in Aflatoxin B1- Induced Rat Liver Tumors
Gerald McMahon, Elaine F. Davis, L. Julie Huber, Youngsoo Kim and Gerald N. Wogan
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 87, No. 3 (Feb., 1990), pp. 1104-1108
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2353777
Page Count: 5
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c-Ki-ras and N-ras oncogenes have been characterized in aflatoxin B1-induced hepatocellular carcinomas. Detection of different protooncogene and oncogene sequences and estimation of their frequency distribution were accomplished by polymerase chain reaction, cloning, and plaque screening methods. Two c-Ki-ras oncogene sequences were identified in DNA from liver tumors that contained nucleotide changes absent in DNA from livers of untreated control rats. Sequence changes involving G.C to T.A or G.C to A.T nucleotide substitutions in codon 12 were scored in three of eight tumor-bearing animals. Distributions of c-Ki-ras sequences in tumors and normal liver DNA indicated that the observed nucleotide changes were consistent with those expected to result from direct mutagenesis of the germ-line protooncogene by aflatoxin B1. N-ras oncogene sequences were identified in DNA from two of eight tumors. Three N-ras gene regions were identified, one of which was shown to be associated with an oncogene containing a putative activating amino acid residing at codon 13. All three N-ras sequences, including the region detected in N-ras oncogenes, were present at similar frequencies in DNA samples from control livers as well as liver tumors. The presence of a potential germ-line oncogene may be related to the sensitivity of the Fischer rat strain to liver carcinogenesis by aflatoxin B1 and other chemical carcinogens.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 1990 National Academy of Sciences