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RTA, A Candidate G Protein-Coupled Receptor: Cloning, Sequencing, and Tissue Distribution
Philip C. Ross, Robert A. Figler, Martha H. Corjay, Cynthia M. Barber, Nicole Adam, David R. Harcus and Kevin R. Lynch
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 87, No. 8 (Apr., 1990), pp. 3052-3056
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2354097
Page Count: 5
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Genomic and cDNA clones, encoding a protein that is a member of the guanine nucleotide-binding regulatory protein (G protein)-coupled receptor superfamily, were isolated by screening rat genomic and thoracic aorta cDNA libraries with an oligonucleotide encoding a highly conserved region of the M1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor. Sequence analyses of these clones showed that they encode a 343-amino acid protein (named RTA). The RTA gene is single copy, as demonstrated by restriction mapping and Southern blotting of genomic clones and rat genomic DNA. Sequence analysis of the genomic clone further showed that the RTA gene has an intron interrupting the region encoding the amino terminus of the protein. RTA RNA sequences are relatively abundant throughout the gut, vas deferens, uterus, and aorta but are only barely detectable (on Northern blots) in liver, kidney, lung, and salivary gland. In the rat brain, RTA sequences are markedly abundant in the cerebellum. RTA is most closely related to the mas oncogene (34% identity), which has been suggested to be a forebrain angiotensin receptor. We cannot detect angiotensin binding to the RTA protein after introducing the cognate cDNA or mRNA into COS cells or Xenopus oocytes, respectively, nor can we detect an electrophysiologic response in the oocyte after application of angiotensin peptides. We conclude that RTA is not an angiotensin receptor; to date, we have been unable to identify its ligand.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 1990 National Academy of Sciences