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A Historical Poem Describing Some Military Events in Syria and Ereẕ Israel in the Early 11th Century / שיר על מאורעות דמים בארץ ישראל ובסוריה בראשית המאה הי"א

עזרא פליישר and Ezra Fleischer
Zion / ציון
Vol. נב‎, חוברת ד‎ (תשמ"ז / 1987), pp. 417-426
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23559691
Page Count: 10
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
A Historical Poem Describing Some Military Events in Syria and Ereẕ Israel in the Early 11th Century / שיר על מאורעות דמים בארץ ישראל ובסוריה בראשית המאה הי"א
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Abstract

In this article the author publishes from a Genizah manuscript (ULC. TS NS 273.20) a quasi-liturgical poem, presenting an amazingly detailed description of the events connected with the Fatimid campaign against the Banū Jarrāḥ, during the first two decades of the 11th century. The poem, written shortly after the defeat of the Banū 'Uqail at Uqḥu'āna in May 12, 1029, gives a full account not only of this last event, but also of its broad historical context. The author of the poem, Menahem berabbi Yom Tav (sic!) ha-Ḥazan, otherwise unknown as a poet, is signed on a legal document from the year 983, written in Fustat (ULC. TS 16.60). In this author's opinion, R. Menaḥem's poem proves that the famous historical dirge by R. Joseph ibn Abitur, 'Bekhu aḥay ve-gam sifdu', generally seen as describing the calamities which afflicted the Jewish communities in Ereẕ Israel during the rule of El-Ḥākim (1012), was also connected, as already suggested by S.D. Goitein, with the Banū Jarrāh insurrection.

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