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Sites of Interaction of the CCA End of Peptidyl-tRNA with 23S rRNA
Danesh Moazed and Harry F. Noller
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 88, No. 9 (May 1, 1991), pp. 3725-3728
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2356818
Page Count: 4
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Oligonucleotide fragments derived from the 3' CCA terminus of acylated tRNA, such as CACCA-(AcPhe), UACCA-(AcLeu), and CAACCA-(fMet), bind specifically to ribosomes in the presence of sparsomycin and methanol [Monro, R. E., Celma, M. L. \& Vazquez, D. (1969) Nature (London) 222, 356-358]. All three oligonucleotides protect a characteristic set of bases in 23S rRNA from chemical probes: G2252, G2253, A2439, A2451, U2506, and U2585. A2602 shows enhanced reactivity. These account for most of the same bases that are protected when peptidyl-tRNA analogues such as AcPhe-tRNA are bound to the ribosomal P site, and correspond precisely to those bases whose protection is abolished by removal of the 3'-CA end of tRNA. We conclude that most of the observed interactions between tRNA and 23S rRNA in the 50S ribosomal P site involve the conserved CCA terminus of tRNA. Sparsomycin may inhibit protein synthesis by stabilizing interaction between the peptidyl-CCA and the 23S P site, preventing formation of the intermediate A/P hybrid state.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 1991 National Academy of Sciences