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Import of Simian Virus 40 Virons Through Nuclear Pore Complexes
Jared Clever, Masayasu Yamada and Harumi Kasamatsu
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 88, No. 16 (Aug. 15, 1991), pp. 7333-7337
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2357677
Page Count: 5
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How the DNA tumor virus, simian virus 40, reaches the nucleus is unknown. In this report we have tested the affinity of simian virus 40 toward the nucleus by microinjecting virion particles into the cytoplasm under conditions in which cell-surface-mediated viral infection was blocked. Subcellular localization of viral structural proteins Vp1, Vp2, and Vp3, large tumor antigen, and virion particles was followed immunocytochemically and ultrastructurally. Both virion particles and viral structural proteins localized in the nucleus within 1-2 hr after cytoplasmic injection and subsequently expressed large tumor antigen, which was detected in the nucleus as early as 3 hr after cytoplasmic injection. Vp1 and large tumor antigen nuclear accumulation, as well as virion nuclear entry, were blocked by wheat germ agglutinin and an anti-nucleoporin monoclonal antibody, mAb 414. Virion particles were visualized in the vicinity of nuclear pores and in the cytoplasm with this agent. We conclude that virion particles are karyophilic and enter through nuclear pores. This study suggests that virion structural proteins facilitate virion import into the nucleus and viral gene expression.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 1991 National Academy of Sciences