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GLEANINGS ON MISHNAIC HEBREW / ללשון המשנה

חנוך ילון and Henoch Yalon
Tarbiẕ / תרביץ
כרך לח‎, חוברת ב‎ (טבת תשכ"ט), pp. 133-134
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23593561
Page Count: 2
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Abstract

I Demai—דמאי, דמיי The root is דמא-דמה. In the Christian Aramaic of Palestine: dema and in Samaritan Aramaic: dimme = שמא. Demai should thus be understood as something doubtful, "perhaps this, or perhaps that" (שמא כך ושמא כך). II Ẕerada — Ẕeranda (Yoma I, 7) — צרדה, צרנדה In Yemenite manuscripts צרדה is written צרדנה (Ẕeranda). Vocalized readings in ancient manuscripts read צרדה with a dagesh forte in the letter "'ד" It is thus evident that the process of assimilation of the "nun", which is still extant in the Yemenite sources, has taken place in our mishnaic texts. III Ma'avirim 'al taharat ha'azara (Ḥagiga, III, 7) — מעבירין על טהרת העזרה Ma'avirin (מעבירין) is to be interpreted as "they cancelled", i.e. they cancelled the purity of the Temple Court. During the entire festival period, the contact of the "ignorant" ('Am-ha'areẕ) did not defile. However, when the festival had ended, the assumed cleanliness was adjudged as having been non-existent. The utensils of the Temple Court were thus considered to have been defiled retroactively, thereby necessitating their immersion.

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