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A Piyyut Describing the Blowing of the Shofar on Rosh ha-Shana and Shabbat / פיוט על סדרי התקיעה בשופר בארץ-ישראל בראש-השנה ושבת
עזרא פליישר and Ezra Fleischer
Tarbiẕ / תרביץ
כרך נד, חוברת א (תשרי-כסלו תשמ"ה), pp. 61-66
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23596090
Page Count: 6
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According to the Mishna and the Talmud, the Shofar is not to be blown on Rosh ha-Shana which falls on Shabbat, save for the High Court of the Sanhedrin. This exceptional custom, although referred to in early piyyutim, was never actually documented or described. In this article the author publishes from a Geniza manuscript (UCL T.-S. N.S. 102.23) a Ma'ariv for Rosh ha-Shana and Shabbat. The third part of the text contains a detailed description of the way to blow the Shofar in the High Court on such occasions. The poem indicates that in order to be blown on Shabbat, the Shofar was tied to a pillar (in the synagogue) and was blown by mouth only, untouched by hands. This rather peculiar custom evidently takes into consideration Rabba's argument against blowing the Shofar on Shabbat (B. Rosh ha-Shana 29b), and thus testifies to a most interesting impact of the Babylonian Talmud upon the halakhic authorities of Ereẕ Israel. The Ma'ariv is signed by a certain Naḥman he-Ḥaver, possibly identical with Naḥman 'nin El'azar birabbi Qilir', author of a Ma'ariv published by this author in Tarbiẕ 50 (1981), p. 299. R. Nahman apparently flourished in Ereẕ Israel during the tenth century.
Tarbiẕ / תרביץ © 1984 Mandel Institute for Jewish Studies / המכון למדעי היהדות ע"ש מנדל