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Between Text Transmission and Text Redaction: Fragments of a Different Recension of TB Moʿed-Qatan from the Genizah / בין מסורת-עריכה למסורת-נוסח: מהדורה אחרת של בבלי מועד קטן מן הגניזה

עדיאל שרמר and Adiel Schremer
Tarbiẕ / תרביץ
כרך סא‎, חוברת ג/ד‎ (ניסן-אלול תשנ"ב), pp. 375-399
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23598765
Page Count: 25
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Between Text Transmission and Text Redaction: Fragments of a Different Recension of TB Moʿed-Qatan from the Genizah / בין מסורת-עריכה למסורת-נוסח: מהדורה אחרת של בבלי מועד קטן מן הגניזה
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Abstract

Recent talmudic research has brought to our attention the existence of synonymous readings of the text of the Babylonian Talmud, which cannot be explained either in terms of text transmission (=scribal errors) or in terms of text emendations. Their existence, however, has perplexed the scholars: how did they come about, and what processes made their existence possible? In light of J.N. Epstein's distinction between 'Varianten' and 'Versionen' (Introduction to the Text of the Mishna, p. 1), one could argue that these synonymous readings reflect different literary works. The late Professor E.S. Rosenthal. however, has rejected such an explanation, and suggested instead to treat these variants as a reflection of an oral stage of the transmission of the Babylonian Talmud. The present paper discusses the nature of the text of tractate BT Moʿed Qatan prevailing in an old manuscript found in the Cairo Genizah, and its relation to the common text, as known in the manuscripts and the printed editions of this tractate. This ancient manuscript — probably from the tenth century — consists of two Genizah fragments: (1) Oxford-Bodley (Heb. e. 45) 2674/17, foll. 56r-61v; and (2) Cambridge TS NS 329.705, and it covers over one-half of the first chapter (7a-11a). The text being presented in the Genizah MS (see my 'Lishna Aharina', in: Sidra — forthcoming) differs from the common text to a very large extent. There exist differences in wordings (in all the literary and chronological strata: Tanaitic and Amoraic dicta, as well as in the 'stama d'gmara'), in talmudic terminology, and even in the Aramaic dialect (the Genizah MS preserves linguistic peculiarities known from the 'iregular' tractates: Nedarim, Nazir, Temura, etc.). Moreover, several sugiot are presented differently. The Talmud in the Genizah MS also preserves several Amoraic dicta which are absent from our known Talmud. On the one hand, the texts differ from one another so extensively as to suggest that they emerge from different sources and reflect two different 'Talmudim'. On the other hand, they both present to us, in large, a quite similar literary work (in the main they contain the same sugyot, in the same order, and include the same general contents). All these differences and similarities call for an explanation, going beyond current approaches to text development in the Babylonian Talmud.

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