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ENTRE TERRE ET MER : LA MISE EN VALEUR DES CONTRÉES LITTORALES DE L'ANCIENNE FRISE

Stéphane LEBECQ
Histoire, Économie et Société
Vol. 16, No. 3, ENVIRONNEMENT ET DÉVELOPPEMENT ÉCONOMIQUE (Juillet-September 1997), pp. 361-376
Published by: Armand Colin
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23612556
Page Count: 16
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ENTRE TERRE ET MER : LA MISE EN VALEUR DES CONTRÉES LITTORALES DE L'ANCIENNE FRISE
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Abstract

Avant les premiers endiguements (deuxième moitié du Xe siècle), les régions littorales de l'ancienne Frise consistaient en une plaine humide placée sous la menace permanente des inondations. Or cette région, habitée depuis le premier millénaire avant J.-C., est devenue l'une des plus peuplées et des plus prospères des siècles protomédiévaux. Il s'agit ici d'expliquer cette réussite paradoxale : un habitat original et sophistiqué, l'exploitation pastorale d'un immense pré-salé, le développement de l'artisanat et de l'échange, et l'ouverture sur les mondes extérieurs. Before the first endikements and reclamations which began in the second half of the 10th century, the coastal parts of ancient Frisia consisted of a marshy plain which was continuously threatened by overflows. However, this plain, which have been inhabited since the first millenium J. C., became one of the most densely populated and properous countries in the West during the Dark and early Middle Ages. The purpose of this paper is to explain that paradoxical achievement : an original and very sophisticated kind of settlement, the development of a breeding economy in the marshland, the importance of craft and exchange and the opening onto other worlds.

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