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Clonal Ordering of 17p and 5q Allelic Losses in Barrett Dysplasia and Adenocarcinoma
Patricia L. Blount, Stephen J. Meltzer, Jing Yin, Ying Huang, Mark J. Krasna and Brian J. Reid
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 90, No. 8 (Apr. 15, 1993), pp. 3221-3225
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2361715
Page Count: 5
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Both 17p and 5q allelic losses appear to be involved in the pathogenesis or progression of many human solid tumors. In colon carcinogenesis, there is strong evidence that the targets of the 17p and 5q allelic losses are TP53, the gene encoding p53, and APC, respectively. It is widely accepted that 5q allelic losses precede 17p allelic losses in the progression to colonic carcinoma. The data, however, supporting this proposed order are largely based on the prevalence of 17p and 5q allelic losses in adenomas and unrelated adenocarcinomas from different patients. We investigated the order in which 17p and 5q allelic losses developed during neoplastic progression in Barrett esophagus by evaluating multiple aneuploid cell populations from the same patient. Using DNA content flow cytometric cell sorting and polymerase chain reaction, 38 aneuploid cell populations from 14 patients with Barrett esophagus who had high grade dysplasia, cancer or both were evaluated for 17p and 5q allelic losses. 17p allelic losses preceded 5q allelic losses in 7 patients, both 17p and 5q allelic losses were present in all aneuploid populations of 4 patients, and only 17p (without 5q) allelic losses were present in the aneuploid populations of 3 patients. In no patient did we find that a 5q allelic loss preceded a 17p allelic loss. Our data suggest that 17p allelic losses typically occur before 5q allelic losses during neoplastic progression in Barrett esophagus.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 1993 National Academy of Sciences