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Preferential Repair of Cyclobutane Pyrimidine Dimers in the Transcribed Strand of a Gene in Yeast Chromosomes and Plasmids is Dependent on Transcription
Kevin S. Sweder and Philip C. Hanawalt
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 89, No. 22 (Nov. 15, 1992), pp. 10696-10700
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2361977
Page Count: 5
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While preferential repair of the transcribed strands within active genes has been demonstrated in organisms as diverse as humans and Escherichia coli, it has not previously been shown to occur in chromosomal genes in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We found that repair of cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers in the transcribed strand of the expressed RPB2 gene in the chromosome of a repair-proficient strain is much more rapid than that in the nontranscribed strand. Furthermore, a copy of the RPB2 gene borne on a centromeric ARS1 plasmid showed the same strand bias in repair. To investigate the relation of this strand bias to transcription, we studied repair in a yeast strain with the temperature-sensitive mutation, rpb1-1, in the largest subunit of RNA polymerase II. When exponentially growing rpb1-1 cells are shifted to the nonpermissive temperature, they rapidly cease mRNA synthesis. At the permissive temperature, both rpb1-1 and the wild-type, parental cells exhibited rapid, proficient repair in the transcribed strand of chromosomal and plasmid-borne copies of the RPB2 gene. At the nonpermissive temperature, the rate of repair in the transcribed strand in rpb1-1 cells was reduced to that in the nontranscribed strand. These findings establish the dependence of strand bias in repair on transcription by RNA polymerase II in the chromosomes and in plasmids, and they validate the use of plasmids for analysis of the relation of repair to transcription in yeast.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 1992 National Academy of Sciences