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Art and Architecture in Ayyubid Jerusalem / ארכיטקטורה ואומנות בירושלים האיובית

מרים רוזן-איילון and M. Rosen-Ayalon
Eretz-Israel: Archaeological, Historical and Geographical Studies / ארץ-ישראל: מחקרים בידיעת הארץ ועתיקותיה
Vol. יח‎, NAHMAN AVIGAD VOLUME / ספר נחמן אביגד‎ (1985 / תשמ"ה), pp. 65-72
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23621143
Page Count: 10
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Art and Architecture in Ayyubid Jerusalem / ארכיטקטורה ואומנות בירושלים האיובית
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Abstract

The Ayyubid period in Jerusalem is one of the less well known periods in terms of archaeology, architecture and art. The basis of this study is primarily the known corpus of dated Ayyubid monuments, to which have been added recently discovered evidence from the archaeological excavations and several undated landmarks which should be attributed to this period. The study is confined to the area within the walls of the Old City. When summing up the activity of a relatively short period — less than a century — and especially the period following the reconquest of Jerusalem from the Crusaders, it is rather surprising to discover such a limited scope. The distribution of the material is also uneven throughout the period. In several cases there are historical references to the erection of buildings of which nothing today is left, or which have not preserved their Ayyubid portions. The first chapter of Ayyubid architecture in Jerusalem is marked by Ṣalāḥ al-Dīn, who began restoration of al-Aqsa Mosque; he also initiated the rebuilding of the city walls. The most spectacular contribution to the monuments of Jerusalem in the Ayyubid period occurred during the reign of al-Malik al-Muʿeẓẓam ʿIsā. Religious, military and domestic architecture are equally represented. Several buildings were merely restored, and some monuments reflect the sporadic initiative of one or another of the governors or other officials acting either on behalf of the ruler or through personal initiative.

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