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An Ayyubid Inscription in the Dome of the Rock / על כתובת איובית בכיפת הסלע

מרים רוזן-איילון and M. Rosen-Ayalon
Eretz-Israel: Archaeological, Historical and Geographical Studies / ארץ-ישראל: מחקרים בידיעת הארץ ועתיקותיה
Vol. כ‎, YIGAEL YADIN MEMORIAL VOLUME / ספר יגאל ידין‎ (1989 / תשמ"ט), pp. 360-371
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23621912
Page Count: 12
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An Ayyubid Inscription in the Dome of the Rock / על כתובת איובית בכיפת הסלע
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Abstract

In the Dome of the Rock, there is an inscription around the base of the drum that deserves attention. So far it has been mentioned by a few scholars, but it has not been discussed in detail. The text contains the first twenty-one verses of the Sūrat Ṭa.Ha. of the Quran. Below the inscription is a decorative area with various motifs. Paleographically, the script illustrates very clearly the Ayyubid writing. However, the inscription bears some signs of several restorations. The evidence of these manipulations can be also found in some of the alterations made in the accompanying lower row of ornamental designs. It can be seen that clearly these motifs suffered damage precisely at the spot corresponding to the restored inscription. Both components — the inscription and the lower row of ornamental designs — are executed in glass mosaic, and contribute much valuable information to the history of the art of wall mosaics in the Ayyubid period, of which little is known. No date accompanies the inscription, but there seems to be enough circumstantial evidence to attribute it to Saladin himself, thus illustrating his contribution to the history of the Dome of the Rock.

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