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Differential Patterns of Victimization: A Study of the Victims of Delinquent Behavior in Polar Residence Areas of Haifa / דפוסי ויקטימיזציה דיפרנציאליים; מחקר קורבנות עבריינות באזורי מגורים קוטביים בחיפה
גדעון פישמן and Gideon Fishman
Megamot / מגמות
Vol. כ"ה, No. 2 (כסלו תש"ם / דצמבר 1979), pp. 185-197
Published by: Henrietta Szold Institute / מכון הנרייטה סאלד
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23651690
Page Count: 13
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The present study deals with victimization patterns among residents of two socio-economically distinct and diametrically opposed neighborhoods. Two almost equal-sized samples were randomly drawn in the city of Haifa, from pre-determined areas. The household representatives were interviewed as to their victimization by various offenses, categorized by: crimes against the person; crimes against property; economic crimes; and sexual offenses. Three major questions were investigated: First, who are the victims; are there victims who are victimized by only one type of offense, or do we have here a phenomenon which can be described as a "multiple loser syndrom"? Second, whether there are connections between the type of the neighborhood and the victimization patterns? Third, what is the reason for non-response? The major findings indicate that the victims were not "multiple losers". It was not possible to single out one type of victim who had been victimized by various offenses. It seems that different characteristics are related to different patterns of victimization. The type of the neighborhood was found to be significantly related to the chances of victimization by various offenses, and more important: deteriorated neighborhoods were found to be significanly related to recidivistic victimization by crimes against the person. Non-reporting was attributed to various reasons, no single reason being dominant for all offenses. Furthermore, non-reporting was dominant among residents of good neighborhoods who were victimized by economic crimes. The reasons, however, were related to the offense, not to the residential area of the victim.
Megamot / מגמות © 1979 Henrietta Szold Institute / מכון הנרייטה סאלד