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Variation and similarities in pollen features in some basal angiosperms, with some taxonomic implications

F. B. Sampson
Plant Systematics and Evolution
Vol. 263, No. 1/2 (2007), pp. 59-75
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23655638
Page Count: 17
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Variation and similarities in pollen features in some basal angiosperms, with some taxonomic implications
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Abstract

Species within three families of basal angiosperms (Trimeniaceae, Winteraceae, Monimiaceae) illustrate differences and similarities in pollen within a species, between species and between genera. Trimenia papuana (Trimeniaceae) has dimorphic pollen (inaperturate, polyforate), each confined to different individual plants. Other species have either disulculate or polyforate pollen. Evolution seems to be from disculculate to inaperturate to polyforate. Present-day Winteraceae have pollen in permanent tetrads except four species of Zygogynum with monads. Why? Did such monads appear as fossils before tetrads in Winteraceae? Molecular studies of Takhtajania perrieri indicate it is basal but its unique bicarpellate unilocular gynoecium seems derived. Although Hedycarya arborea and Kibaropsis caledonica have near-identical permanent pollen tetrads, many other features are very different. Hedycarya species have permanent tetrads or inaperturate monads with spinulose, 'starry' or other sculpturing, and it is suggested this and recent molecular data indicate further studies are needed to determine generic limits.

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