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Mitotic evidence for the tetraploid nature of Glycine max provided by high quality karyograms

W. R. Clarindo, C. R. de Carvalho and B. M. G. Alves
Plant Systematics and Evolution
Vol. 265, No. 1/2 (2007), pp. 101-107
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23655755
Page Count: 7
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Mitotic evidence for the tetraploid nature of Glycine max provided by high quality karyograms
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Abstract

The high number, very small size and morphological similarity of the chromosomes, and low metaphasic indexes obtained in root meristems have hindered the progress in cytogenetic and evolutionary studies of Glycine max. In order to contribute to the solving of these problems, we have developed a method based on the use of DNA synthesis inhibiting and anti-microtubule solutions and enzymatic maceration and air-drying techniques. Besides, we have employed a digital image analysis system tool. This method provided prometaphasic and metaphasic chromosomes showing well-defined primary and secondary constrictions, which facilitated the pairing of homologues and assembly of the first karyogram for G. max. This species possesses twenty chromosome pairs, being six metacentric and fourteen submetacentric. The karyograms support its tetraploid nature (4× = 40), specifically for the presence of chromosomes with identical morphology, and suggest that chromosome rearrangements may have occurred during the speciation of G. max.

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