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Hidden discrimination in the determination of children's entitlement to compensatory education / אפליה לא מתוכננת בקביעת הזכאות לטיפוח ובהקצאת משאבי טיפוח בחינוך

סורל קאהן and Sorel Cahan
Megamot / מגמות
Vol. ל‎', No. 4 (כסלו תשמ"ח / דצמבר 1987), pp. 379-401
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23655834
Page Count: 23
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Hidden discrimination in the determination of children's entitlement to compensatory education / אפליה לא מתוכננת בקביעת הזכאות לטיפוח ובהקצאת משאבי טיפוח בחינוך
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Abstract

This paper reveals the existence of discrimination between subpopulations of students, defined by three demographic characteristics (father's education, cultural origin and family size), in the allocation of resources for compensatory education. This discrimination is unintentional and does not follow from the official policy of the Israeli Ministry of Education and Culture. Rather, it is caused by the determination of students' entitlement to different amounts of resources on the basis of their predicted achievements based on the abovementioned demographic characteristics, instead of their actual achievements, as originally intended. The use of predicted achievement gives rise to positive discrimination of some subpopulations and negative discrimination of others. The paper presents empirical evidence concerning both the direction of the discrimination and its extent, identifies its causes and discusses its implications.

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