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Genetic variation and conservation of the endangered Chinese endemic herb Dendrobium officinale based on SRAP analysis

Ge Ding, Daizhen Zhang, Xiaoyu Ding, Qi Zhou, Weichao Zhang and Xuexia Li
Plant Systematics and Evolution
Vol. 276, No. 3/4 (December 2008), pp. 149-156
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23662388
Page Count: 8
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Abstract

Dendrobium officinale (Orchidaceae) is used for traditional medicine and is critically endangered in China. To investigate the genetic structure of this species and to offer some advice on conservation strategies, 84 individuals from nine wild populations of D. officinale were analyzed using the method of sequence-related amplified polymorphism. A high level of genetic diversity was detected (PPB = 88.07%, HE = 0.2880) at the species level. However, the genetic diversity at the population level was lower (PPB = 51.68%, HE = 0.1878) in comparison with other species with similar life history characteristics. Based on analysis of molecular variation, there was moderate variation between pairs of populations with ΦST values ranging from 0.1327 to 0.4151 and on average 27.05% of the genetic variation occurred among populations. Two main clusters were shown in UPGMA using TFPGA, which is consistent with the result of principal coordinate analysis using NTSYS. In situ conservation is the first advocated and and ex situ should be proposed at the same time to protect the endangered plant and to preserve germplasm resources.

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