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On the stomata of Salvinia herzogii (Salviniaceae, Pteridophyta)
E. R. de la Sota and Liliana A. Cassa de Pazos
Plant Systematics and Evolution
Vol. 172, No. 1/4 (1990), pp. 119-125
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23674703
Page Count: 7
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The structure of the stomata of the floating leaves of Salvinia herzogii has been analyzed with light and scanning electron microscopy. Peculiar extensions (cuticle?) of the outer and inner tangential sides of the walls of the guard-cells are described. Both extensions, partially joined at their ends, are encircling a pore. This structure is used to propose an alternative explanation for the risk of the occlusion of the ostioles, different from that given by Haberlandt. The conductivity of these stomata was checked with a porometer and the ostioles proved to be permanently open. Their type of stomatogenesis is discussed. The stomata of Salvinia are considered to be vestigial structures and their sunken position is taken as evidence in support of a xeric hypothetic ancestor of the genus.
Plant Systematics and Evolution © 1990 Springer