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HOW TO ADVANCE MEGALOPOLITAN PROCESSES IN ISRAEL? / כיצד נקדם את התהליכים המגלופוליטניים בישראל?

ברוך קיפניס and Baruch A. Kipnis
Horizons in Geography / אופקים בגאוגרפיה
No. 6 (תשמ"ג / 1982), pp. 49-63
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23695924
Page Count: 15
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Abstract

Accelerated Megalopolitan processes have taken place along the Southeastern Mediterranea Coastal plain. The peace between Eygept and Israel and the prospects for a political settlement between Lebanon and Israel, could stimulate processes creating a megalopolitan region extending from Northern Syria to Alexandria (Figure 1). It is imperative, therefore, that all countries involved should take the measures necessary to accommodate this energing development. This is particalarly true for Israel where an intensive linear urban and metropolitan development has already curtailed national efforts for population dispersal. The expected population increase to 750,000 in the coastal plain by the year 2000, calls for a comprehensive re-evaluation of the national urban system development strategy. Fine hypotheses have been tested in order to examin the scope of megalopolitan processes in Israel: The density hypothesis (Table 1): the strengthening of the urban nodes hypothesis (Figure 2); the suburbanization hypothesis (Figure 2); the suburbanization hypothesis (Figures 2,3 and Table 2): The linear interaction hypothesis (Table 3,4); and the interregional competition hypothesis. All five indicate the prevalence of megalopolitan processes along the coastal plain similar to those that have been occured in other megalopolitan regions throughout the world. Current megalopolitan processes, if carefully planned and controlled, could aid in the evolution of a megalopolis along a parallel longitudinal axes. The western axis would comprise the linear urban region along the Israeli coast and the estern axis would extend over the hills and mountain slopes east of the plain. The eastern axis contains extensive land reserves for long term urban development and the basic infrastructure for road and railway networks. (Table 5 and Figure 4). In addition, recent spread processes of manufacturing and of migrants from the metropolitan cores into new sites and existing settlements along the eastern axis, indicate the feasibility of the proposed megalopolitan development. The new megalopolitan structure would bring in its wake the evolution of a new spatial order of the entire Israeli urban system, and support two complementary national objectives. In the short run it would reduce the emerging negative effects of urban sprawl along the coastal plain, save farm land and help preseve the coastal strip for recreational and other coastal activities. In the long run the planned development along the eastern axis would act as a base for the further spread of people and activities into the estern national peripheral regions.

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