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INDUSTRIALIZATION AS A TOOL FOR SETTLEMENT IN THE GALILEE / התיעוש כאמצעי לאיכלוס הגליל

אהרון לפידות and Ahron Lapidot
Horizons in Geography / אופקים בגאוגרפיה
No. 5, Migration in the Galilee: its causes and effects. Proceedings of a symposium held at the University of Haifa, 3-4 June 1981 / הגירה בגליל: גורמיה והשלכותיה. לקט מאמרים ודיונים מסימפוזיון שנערך באוניברסיטת חיפה: 3-4 ביוני‎ 1981 (תשמ"ג / 1982), pp. 30-37
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23696059
Page Count: 8
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Abstract

Until the 1950's the policy of population distribution was implemented mainly by means of agricultural settlement; later the main efforts shifted to the establishment of so-called "development towns" which were regarded as service centres for the agricultural periphery and as a source of labour. It transpired, however, that industrial development would be indispensable for further urban growth. The article reviews the Jewish settlement in the Galilee as a function of industrial employment and focuses on industrialization as the principal factor contributing to the region's progress. Industrial development in the Galilee has undergone significant changes in recent years, as reflected in the transition from traditional to more sophisticated and capital-intensive fields, entailing higher specialization and skilled labour. In 1955 there was a noted shift from conventional industries such as foods, wood products, printing and quarrying, to modern ones, especially textiles. Toward 1975 there was an increase in metals and the beginnings of an electronics industry. By 1975, metals and electronics already provided a third of the industrial employment in the Northern District. The share of capital and technology-intensive industries is expected to reach about 40% of the total employment in the district. The author also weighs the contribution of urban as against rural development toward an improved demographic balance in the Galilee, suggesting that preferential treatment should be given to the expansion of existing urban settlements.

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