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Comparison of globulin mobilization and cysteine proteinases in embryonic axes and cotyledons during germination and seedling growth of vetch (Vicia sativa L.)

A. Schlereth, C. Becker, C. Horstmann, J. Tiedemann and K. Müntz
Journal of Experimental Botany
Vol. 51, No. 349 (AUGUST 2000), pp. 1423-1433
Published by: Oxford University Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23696659
Page Count: 11
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Comparison of globulin mobilization and cysteine proteinases in embryonic axes and cotyledons during germination and seedling growth of vetch (Vicia sativa L.)
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Abstract

Vicilin and legumin, the storage globulins of mature dry vetch (Vicia sativa L.) seeds, are found in protein bodies which are present not only in the cotyledons, but also in the radicle, axis and shoot (together, for reasons of simplicity, here called axis). When at 24 h after the start of imbibition (hai) the radicle breaks through the seed coat a major part of the globulins in the axis has already been degraded, whereas in the cotyledons globulin breakdown cannot yet be detected. Globulin mobilization starts with the degradation of vicilin. At 48 hai when globulin mobilization in the cotyledons just begins, the axis is already nearly depleted of globulins. Mobilization of storage globulin is probably brought about by a complex of different cysteine proteinases (CPRs). The papain-like CPR2 and CPR4, and the legumain-like VsPB2, together with their mRNAs, are already present in axes and cotyledons of dry seeds. This means that they must have been formed during seed maturation. Additional papain-like CPRs are formed later during germination and seedling growth. CPR4 and VsPB2 together with their corresponding mRNAs become undetectable as germination and seedling growth proceed. VsPB2 and VsPB2-mRNA are substituted by the homologous legumain-like proteinase B and its mRNA. The composition of stored and newly formed CPRs undergoes developmental changes which differ between axes and cotyledons. It is concluded that storage globulin mobilization in germinating vetch seeds is started by stored CPRs, whereas the mobilization of the bulk of globulin is predominantly mediated by CPRs which are formed de novo.

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