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The Geographical Location of the Poem of "Krt" / מקומה הגיאוגראפי של עלילת כרת
ר. די-וו and R. de Vaux
Bulletin of the Jewish Palestine Exploration Society / ידיעות החברה העברית לחקירת ארץ-ישראל ועתיקותיה
Vol. ו', No. א' (תשרי תרצ"ט), pp. 34-41
Published by: Israel Exploration Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23723927
Page Count: 8
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The Poem of Krt discovered among the Ras Shamra inscriptions, contains several place names which allow us to locate the events described in it. Line 110 mentions the name of Šarna, which may be identified with Σαϱωνᾶς, of Eusebius and would correspond to Šaru-na of the Tell el-ʿAmârna letters the name of which survives in the modern Sarûna, 10 km SW of the Lake of Tiberias. A little to the North of Sarûna is Khirbet ed-Dâmie, a name which recalls the Great 'Udm and the Little 'Udm of the Poem. As in other instances, Dâmieh corresponds to a Hebrew Adamah or Adummim, and the Biblical name which would fit the case is Adami-Hanneqeb (Josh. 19, 33). Following the rendering of the Septuaginta and of the Vulgata, the masoretic text has to be corrected to Adummē-Hannequeb, a status constructus of a plural Adummim. Adummim would thus correspond to the double city of 'Udm mentioned in the Ras Shamra text. The third place which has to be sought in the same neighbourhood is Sʿt, identified with Khirbet Saʿd, some 10 km to the NW of Dâmieh. The Ras Shamra text contains further a passage, which may be rendered „at the fountain Š'ebt, at the spring Mimlat”. These are to be identified with Kfar Sabt and with Khirbet Mamelia, which lie in the same neighbourhood. Conclusion: The itinerary prescribed by the god El to Krt starts at Tyre and Sidon, and after a journey of four days Krt arrives at 'Udmu. The road is an ancient one, known from Biblical indications and from Egyption sources. The same road was used by the Crusaders, and is known to-day as Ḏarb el-Ḥawârna, the „Road of the Hauranis”.
Bulletin of the Jewish Palestine Exploration Society / ידיעות החברה העברית לחקירת ארץ-ישראל ועתיקותיה © 1938 Israel Exploration Society