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REFORMING SCHOOLS: ARE THESE LESSONS TO LEARN FROM THE UNITED STATES?

Elliot W. Eisner
Revista Española de Pedagogía
Vol. 48, No. 185 (enero - abril 1990), pp. 5-24
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23763553
Page Count: 20
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
REFORMING SCHOOLS: ARE THESE LESSONS TO LEARN FROM THE UNITED STATES?
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Abstract

Most efforts at educational reform are designed to improve specific educational practices. More often than not, both the practices and the improvement impose no structural changes on schools; they are designed to fit into existing schools structures. This paper identifies the features of schooling that make educational change so difficult. Most educational reforms do not succeed in bringing about significant educational improvement. The author identifies five dimensions that need to be taken into account and, in an orchestrated fashion, modified if educationally significant reform is to occur. Unless such efforts are made, school reform efforts will continue to be characterized as a pendulum swing; movement without advancement. La mayoría de los esfuerzos realizados en las reformas educativas están diseñados para mejorar prácticas educativas específicas. Lo más frecuente es que tanto las prácticas como las mejoras impongan cambios no estructurales a las escuelas, siendo diseñados para encajar en las estructuras escolares existentes. Este artículo identifica los rasgos de la escolarización que hacen tan difícil el cambio educativo. La mayor parte de las reformas educativas fracasan en la consecución de mejoras educativas significativas. El autor identifica cinco dimensiones que deben ser tenidas en cuenta y, de una manera orquestada, modificadas si es que ha de producirse una reforma educativamente significativa. A menos que se hagan tales esfuerzos, los intentos de reforma escolar continuarán caracterizándose por ser una especie de movimiento pendular: movimiento sin adelanto.

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