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語言接觸中的語法變化: 論南寧粤語「述語 + 賓語 + 補語」結構的來源 / GRAMMATICAL CHANGE IN LANGUAGE CONTACT: ON THE ORIGIN OF THE "VERB + OBJECT + COMPLEMENT" CONSTRUCTION IN NANNING YUE

郭必之 and Bit-Chee Kwok
Journal of Chinese Linguistics Monograph Series
No. 24, 歷時演變與語言接觸一中國東南方言 / Diachronic Change and Language Contact — Dialects in South East China (2010), pp. 201-216
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23825444
Page Count: 16
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
語言接觸中的語法變化: 論南寧粤語「述語 + 賓語 + 補語」結構的來源 / GRAMMATICAL CHANGE IN LANGUAGE CONTACT: ON THE ORIGIN OF THE "VERB + OBJECT + COMPLEMENT" CONSTRUCTION IN NANNING YUE
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Abstract

屬於邕潯片粤語的南寧話,有一種罕見於漢語方言的 「述賓補」(VOC) 結構,如 「食飯飽」、「飲酒酔」 等。本文給出了充份的證據,認爲這是和同樣使用 「VOC」的壯語接觸後的結果,和中古流行的「隔開式」述補結構沒有任何關 係。文中以Thomason (2001) 的「轉用干擾」說作爲立論的主幹,指出南寧地區 的壯人在語言轉換時,把自己母語的特點帶到目標語(粤語)裡去。陳保亞(2005) 主張「轉用干擾」是漢語方言形成其中一個重要的源頭,本文的例子爲他的學說 提供了鮮活的證據。 This paper aims at exploring the origin of the peculiar "verb + object + complement" construction ("VOC" construction) in Nanning Yue,a Yue dialect closely related to Standard Cantonese. It is pointed out that the "VOC" construction in Nanning Yue is not an archaic feature, but a result of "shift-induced interference" (cf. Thomason 2001) when a large number of Zhuang speakers, who used "VOC" construction in their mother tongue, shifted to Nanning Yue about a century ago. The examples shown in this paper provide solid evidence in support of Chen's (2005) theory, which suggests that "shift-induced interference",plays an important role in the divergence of Cninese dialects.

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