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Abaxial Anthocyanin Layer in Leaves of Tropical Rain Forest Plants: Enhancer of Light Capture in Deep Shade
David W. Lee, J. B. Lowry and B. C. Stone
Vol. 11, No. 1 (Mar., 1979), pp. 70-77
Published by: Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2388175
Page Count: 8
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The permanent pigmentation of the leaves of tropical rain forest herbs with anthocyanin has traditionally been viewed as a mechanism for enhancing transpiration by increased heat absorption. We report measurements to ±0.1⚬C on four Indo-malesian forest species polymorphic with respect to color. There were no detectable differences in temperature between cyanic and green leaves. In deeply shaded habitats, any temperature difference would arise from black-body infrared radiation which all leaves absorb and to which anthocyanins are transparent. Reflectance spectra of the lower leaf surfaces of these species revealed increased reflectance around 650-750 nm for cyanic leaves compared with green leaves of the same species. In all species anthocyanin was located in a single layer of cells immediately below the photosynthetic tissue. These observations provide empirical evidence that the cyanic layer can improve photosynthetic energy capture by back-scattering additional light through the photosynthetic tissue.
Biotropica © 1979 Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation