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Generalization Effects of Newly Conditioned Reinforcers

LAURA G. DOROW
Education and Training of the Mentally Retarded
Vol. 15, No. 1 (FEBRUARY 1980), pp. 8-14
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23889348
Page Count: 7
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Generalization Effects of Newly Conditioned Reinforcers
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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine (a) the effect of music and approval as reinforcers for following a command, (b) the effect of a food-pairing procedure on an approval alone condition, an approval plus music condition, and an ignore condition, (c) the durability of newly conditioned reinforcers, and (d) the strength of the new reinforcers as contingencies for following a second command. Results indicated that the approval and music, which initially had not functioned as reinforcers, were conditioned as reinforcers by pairing with food. Maintenance over a 10-week period of time demonstrated that the newly conditioned reinforcers continued to reinforce the original behavior. In addition, the approval and music generalized as reinforcers for a new behavior.

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