If you need an accessible version of this item please contact JSTOR User Support

Toward a Theory of Organizational Behavior

Robert V. Presthus
Administrative Science Quarterly
Vol. 3, No. 1 (Jun., 1958), pp. 48-72
DOI: 10.2307/2390604
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2390604
Page Count: 25
  • Download PDF
  • Cite this Item

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

If you need an accessible version of this item please contact JSTOR User Support
Toward a Theory of Organizational Behavior
Preview not available

Abstract

Several theoretical formulations from sociology and psychology are used in an attempt to set down a general theory of organizational behavior. The typical bureaucratic model is defined as a "structured field," in the sense that authority, status, and role are clearly articulated and thus provide behavioral cues that facilitate perception and learning. Harry Stack Sullivan's theory of interpersonal psychiatry is incorporated to explain the individual's reactions to this structured environment. His learned deference to authority is geared into the organization, mainly through the medium of anxiety reduction. Acceptance of organizational authority is highly reinforced because it reduces anxiety by ensuring approval from superiors. Since reactions to authority will differ in terms of the genetic composition, class, and idiocyncratic experience of a given individual, three ideal types of accommodation are posited: the upward-mobiles, the indifferents, and the ambivalents.

Page Thumbnails

  • Thumbnail: Page 
[48]
    [48]
  • Thumbnail: Page 
49
    49
  • Thumbnail: Page 
50
    50
  • Thumbnail: Page 
51
    51
  • Thumbnail: Page 
52
    52
  • Thumbnail: Page 
53
    53
  • Thumbnail: Page 
54
    54
  • Thumbnail: Page 
55
    55
  • Thumbnail: Page 
56
    56
  • Thumbnail: Page 
57
    57
  • Thumbnail: Page 
58
    58
  • Thumbnail: Page 
59
    59
  • Thumbnail: Page 
60
    60
  • Thumbnail: Page 
61
    61
  • Thumbnail: Page 
62
    62
  • Thumbnail: Page 
63
    63
  • Thumbnail: Page 
64
    64
  • Thumbnail: Page 
65
    65
  • Thumbnail: Page 
66
    66
  • Thumbnail: Page 
67
    67
  • Thumbnail: Page 
68
    68
  • Thumbnail: Page 
69
    69
  • Thumbnail: Page 
70
    70
  • Thumbnail: Page 
71
    71
  • Thumbnail: Page 
72
    72