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Suggestions for a Sociological Approach to the Theory of Organizations.II

Talcott Parsons
Administrative Science Quarterly
Vol. 1, No. 2 (Sep., 1956), pp. 225-239
DOI: 10.2307/2390988
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2390988
Page Count: 15
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Suggestions for a Sociological Approach to the Theory of Organizations.II
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Abstract

In this second article of a two-part series, the author identifies power as the central phenomenon of organization. The generation of power, both within and outside the organization, depends on four fundamental conditions, which are identified. A classification of organizational types, based on primacy of different types of organizational goals, is outlined and its utility illustrated by analyzing variations among the business firm, the military organization, and the university in this society. The author is chairman of the Department of Social Relations at Harvard University.

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