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Cosmopolitans and Locals: Toward an Analysis of Latent Social Roles.I

Alvin W. Gouldner
Administrative Science Quarterly
Vol. 2, No. 3 (Dec., 1957), pp. 281-306
DOI: 10.2307/2391000
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2391000
Page Count: 26
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Cosmopolitans and Locals: Toward an Analysis of Latent Social Roles.I
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Abstract

A distinction between manifest and latent social roles is posited as the basis for analyzing two types of latent organizational roles or identities. Such identities influence organizational behavior because those who hold them may have reference groups and value commitments that conflict with those prescribed by the organization. Three variables for analyzing latent identities are suggested: loyalty to the organization; commitment to professional skills and values; and reference group orientations. The author finds certain differences between cosmopolitans and locals in terms of degrees of influence, participation, propensity to accept or reject organizational rules, and informal relations.

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