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Antecedents and Outcomes of Organizational Commitment
Richard M. Steers
Administrative Science Quarterly
Vol. 22, No. 1 (Mar., 1977), pp. 46-56
Published by: Sage Publications, Inc. on behalf of the Johnson Graduate School of Management, Cornell University
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2391745
Page Count: 11
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This study proposes and tests a preliminary model concerning the antecedents and outcomes of employee commitment to organizations using a cross-validational framework. The study was carried out among 382 hospital employees and 119 scientists and engineers. It was found that for both samples personal characteristics, job characteristics, and work experiences influenced commitment. Moreover, commitment was found to be strongly related to intent and desire to remain for both samples and moderately related to attendance and turnover for one sample. Performance was generally unrelated to commitment. Results are compared with earlier findings and implications for future research are discussed.
Administrative Science Quarterly © 1977 Johnson Graduate School of Management, Cornell University